You are currently viewing Explain terminologies – Fraud, Defamation, Trade Secrets and Copyright.

Explain terminologies – Fraud, Defamation, Trade Secrets and Copyright.


Fraud is a deceptive act designed to obtain an unfair advantage or cause harm to another person or entity. It involves the intentional misrepresentation, concealment, or omission of information with the intent to deceive someone into believing something false or to act against their best interests. In simple words, fraud is like manipulation or deception used for personal gain. This can take various forms such as financial fraud (such as Ponzi schemes or credit card fraud), identity theft, insurance fraud, and many more.


Defamation refers to the act of damaging someone’s reputation through false statements or information. It can be divided into two categories: defamation and slander. Defamation includes defamatory statements made in writing or through other permanent forms such as images or videos, while slander includes defamatory statements made orally. Defamation can harm a person’s reputation, career or personal relationships. Examples include spreading false rumors about someone’s character, professional abilities, or criminal activities. It is vital to take note of that reality is a guard against slander claims.

Trade Secrets:

Trade secrets are valuable pieces of confidential information that give a business a competitive edge. They may contain formulas, processes, techniques, strategies, or any other confidential information that is not generally known or easily traceable by others. Unlike patents or copyrights, trade secrets depend on confidentiality for protection. This means that businesses must take appropriate steps to keep information confidential, such as using non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) with employees or partners. Trade secret theft occurs when a person improperly obtains, uses, or discloses confidential information without authorization.


Copyright is a form of legal protection granted to creators of original works, including literary, artistic, musical, and other creative expressions. It gives creators the exclusive right to reproduce, distribute, perform, display, or license their works for a certain period of time. Copyright protects tangible forms of expression, such as books, paintings, songs, films, software code, and architectural designs. However, it does not protect ideas, facts, or methods. Copyright infringement occurs when someone uses, copies, distributes, or displays copyrighted material without the permission of the copyright owner. This may lead to legal consequences such as fines or injunctions.

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